Absolute String Theory;

An Examination of the Fundamental Units of nature and How they Interact to Affect Reality

by

Miroslav Halza

Prologue

In this monograph, I argue that String Theory should use all the properties of strings in its conception, since it purports to explain subatomic phenomena as the results of the interaction of elementary strings and the structures they comprise. All the geometric shapes and physical properties inherent to strings should be included in its theoretic framework. These characteristics should contribute to determining the structure of subatomic particles and manifest in all forces in nature.
Strings are essentially one-dimensional objects in space, and my view is they are the live "units" of nature, the fundamental structures underlying all the rest. The density of string points on a line can change, and so they may elongate and shorten. Furthermore, they can form not just straight lines, but also curves. Strings may have open ends or may be closed into loops. Their intrinsic properties include energy density and tension. We register them macro-worldly in music, when they form many variants of standing waves created by their vibration, spin, or both.
When elementary strings propagate through space, they do so in the form of waves. There are two basic forms of traveling waves. Strings may form longitudinal waves, vibrating in the direction of travel, or transverse waves, rotating or vibrating perpendicular to the direction of travel.
Having the property of speed gives these traveling strings another property, generally known as momentum or kinetic energy. In accordance with physical law, this property can be changed during their interactions with other strings that they encounter as they propagate, which is why their collisions create forces that can repel or attract objects


toward certain directions. In addition, strings may bring their intrinsic energy to physical objects when those objects absorb them or otherwise encounter them, if the collisions are imperfectly elastic. Forces carried by longitudinal and transverse waves effect even distant objects, because they can propagate even through a vacuum, and therefore are clearly the carriers of the universal fundamental forces.
Because strings also exert forces on nearby objects, they represent local forces that are very familiar to us as well. The shapes of the strings involved play a critical role in this situation. If some string shapes are in dynamic states, they can influence other strings either by attracting or repulsing them. If these shapes lie at the surfaces of subatomic particles, then such particles exert their total force there. That's why we have three kinds of primary particles in relation to local forces. The first is neutral, the second positive, and the third negative. The influence of the strings they carry form a field of that particular force.
Let's take a closer look, starting with String Theory as proposed by modern-day theoretical physicists.

The Universal Speed Limit

. . .

The Strong Nuclear Force

. . .

Mass

. . .

Gravitation

. . .

Electromagnetism

. . .

Elementary Particles

. . .

Bosons

. . .

Conclusions

I hope this work provides readers with a new way to view nature, helping them more easily visualize this world of elementary and subatomic strings. Strings teem there in uncountable numbers, all with different densities, shapes and speeds.
Strings can be packed into the densest form in a black hole, or in thoroughly smashed matter using the technology of the particle accelerator. Strings are packed so tightly there that they are unable to replace themselves. This is why collapsed matter is unable to attract gravitons, so its response to the gravitational fields of other objects is weak. On the other hand, this form of matter emits more gravitons than it should for its mass, and therefore a black hole attracts nearby objects very well.
Strings can exist bound to a firm volume of elementary particles in ordinary matter. Strings vibrate within these volumes of matter, producing the effect we know as mass. Some strings are not restricted to any volume, and move freely through the vacuum in a straight-line motion. These traveling waves propagate at the speed of light.
Strings in both ordinary matter and traveling waves have the same property of momentum, and therefore their interactions cause changes in the momenta of both partners in the interaction. The resulting effect of a sticky collision is a change in motion, and previously, we theorized that a force caused this change. When traveling waves lose speed as they propagate through a material object, we observe that the interacting object is pushed by the traveling waves, gaining speed from the source of waves. Thus, traveling transverse waves cause the photational force to act upon objects.

When traveling waves gain speed during propagation through a material object, the object is pulled toward the source of these waves. Longitudinal waves do this, exerting a gravitational force upon objects. In the case of absorption of traveling waves or inelastic collisions, the material object gains some internal energy. We register the increased movement of atomic particles—the change in internal energy—as heat.
Particles of ordinary matter have strings of different shapes on their surfaces. They can be straight-line shapes, vortical shapes, and looped or even circular shapes. The particle that includes all these kinds of shapes on its surface is the neutron. In order not to continue in shaped tension, the strings incline toward separation, and so protons, electron, and neutrinos come into existence as a result of neutron decay. Protons have straight-line strings on their surfaces, electrons have vortex or funnel-shaped strings with conical mouths on their surfaces (resulting from one free end of each string vibrating, while the other is immobile) and neutrinos have looped strings.
Nature also allows for individual strings that are not bound into any volume of matter and lack momentum. Therefore, they are not traveling at the speed of light, but are rather at rest. They can adjust themselves to interact with strings of different shapes if needed. For example, if one string spins clockwise, another string will adjust to it and spin counterclockwise; and so, the strings link together to create magnetic chains. If ordinary matter has circled or vortical strings on its surface, free strings join it and so create either magnetic field lines or electrical field lines.
Thanks to these individual strings, particles of ordinary matter interact with their neighboring particles, and so create atoms with different numbers of protons and electrons. Protons lie in the nuclei of the atoms, and electrons orbit them. Electrons on the surfaces of atoms may enter into bonds with other electrons thanks to individual strings, and so chemical bonds are created. The main types of such bonds are the covalent bond, which arises due to different spins, and the ionic bond, which arises due to the interaction of positive and negative charges.
Neutrons also exist in atomic nuclei. Since neutrons possess different shapes of strings on their surfaces, they can enter into direct bonds with strings on the surfaces of protons, generating the strong nuclear force that binds atomic nuclei together.

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